How to Read a Book (PDF)

review How to Read a Book

How to Read a Book

Read & Download How to Read a Book ä PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free How to Read a Book originally published in 1940 has become a rare phenomenon a living classic It is the best and most successful guide to reading comprehension for the general reader And now it has been completely rewritten and updated You are told about the various levels of reading and how. How do you read a bookLook at the cover probably glance at the blurb run your eye down the table of contents perhaps possibly rifle through the book then plunge right in into Chapter OneRightWrong According to Mortimer J Adler and Charles Van Doren the authors of How to Read a BookAccording to them this is only the first level of reading called Elementary reading and this is the only level the majority of readers in this world have reached They posit three levels Inspectional Analytical and Syntopic each one advanced than the previous The major portion of the book is devoted to analytic reading followed by brief exposition on the syntopic It is the aim of the authors to make each reader of this tome into an analytic reader at least if not a syntopic one it is my opinion that they only succeed partially but let s go into that after analysing each of the levels as defined by the authorsElementary reading we have already seen In inspectional reading you first skim the book as a whole give it a once over as it is The authors ever practical suggest six steps to do this most of them self evident and what any serious reader usually does with an expository book this book is mostly about reading expository material and of limited value in reading literature and poetry but about that later The steps are1 Read the title and the preface2 Study the table of contents3 Check the index4 Read the blurb5 Look at the main chapters6 Skim the book reading it here and thereNext read the book through fast without getting stuck at the difficult places If the book deserves our serious attention we can come back to those difficult places in our next reading The advantage of this rapid fire approach is that we do not waste time on a book which deserves only a superficial reading In the authors own words Every book should be read no slowly than it deserves and no uickly than you can read it with satisfaction and comprehension Analytical ReadingThe next level analytical reading reuires the reader to be demanding the you demand the you can extract out of a book To do this one has to ask four uestions1 What is the book about as a whole2 What is being said in detail and how3 Is the book true in whole or part4 What of itHow ask these four uestions is explained in detail in the remaining part of the bookAnalytical reading has three stages The first one is mainly concerned with classifying the book and understanding its aim and structure To do this the authors suggest four rules1 You must know what kind of book you are reading and you should know as early in the process as possible preferably before you begin to read2 State the unity of the whole book in a single sentence or at most a few sentences a short paragraph3 Set forth the major parts of the book and show how these are organised into a whole by being ordered to one another and to the unity of the whole4 Find out what the author s problems wereThe first rule classifies pigeonholes the book by affixing it to a category genre etc the second is used to create a pr cis the third expands the pr cis into an outline thus revealing the underlying structure X Raying the book as the authors name it and the fourth defines the purpose of the book The author presumably wrote it for a reason he had some uestions at the beginning which he has presumably tried to answer through the book The reader has to find out what these uestions areIf the first stage of analytical reading is related to the what the second is related to the how how has the author attempted to solve the problem with which he started out For this stage also Adler and Van Doren proposes four rules1 Come to terms with the author by interpreting his key words2 Grasp the author s leading propositions by dealing with his most important sentences 3 Know the author s arguments by finding them in or constructing them out of seuences of sentences4 Determine which of his problems the author has solved and which he has not and as to the latter decide which the author knew he had failed to solveThe argument here that any author putting forth an argument will use certain key words and terms for example natural selection and evolution by Darwin in The Origin of Species It is the reader s duty to come to terms with the author so that he does not misinterpret the author s intentions by misreading the terms Then on it is an exercise in logic by understanding the propositions and arguments This is not as difficult as it looks in fact we do it all the time even though the exact logical terms may be unfamiliar to us A proposition is nothing but the meaning contained within a declarative sentence and arguments what the author uses to prove the truth of the propositionThe fourth step is a little difficult for the lay reader and it will only come through practice One needs to find out which of the problems presented the author had been able to solve and if he had been unable to solve some whether he knew he had failed or not At this point of time it is not important whether the reader agrees with the author That comes later Here we are talking about the author s own internal logic and how far he has been able to present his arguments consistently in light of it and how far he has been in successfully concluding his argumentsIn the third stage of analytical reading the reader for the first time starts to apply his critical senses and begins to agree or disagree with the author Here according to the authors of the current book the reader has to follow certain etiuette captured in the following three rules1 Do not begin criticism until one has completed the outline first stage and interpretation second stage Then one can agree disagree or suspend judgement2 Do not disagree disputatiously or contentiously Or in plain words unless one can present factual evidence acceptable at least to oneself disagreement with an author based on emotional prejudice should be avoided easier said than done3 Demonstrate that one knows the difference between knowledge and mere personal opinion by presenting good reasons for any critical judgement one makesThe authors also provide special criteria for criticism 1 show where the author is uninformed 2 show where he is misinformed 3 show where his illogical and 4 show where his analysis is incompleteSyntopic ReadingThis is the fourth and most advanced level of reading according to Adler and Van Doren though I d perhaps disagree Here the reader is engaged in researching books about one basic idea For example if you want to read up on say evolution you must first understand what the significant books are on the subject then you must proceed to read them and summarise the arguments both pro and con preferably remaining objective throughout Phew Not a very easy taskDon t worry the authors give step by step instructions for this level also First create a bibliography of the subject and inspect all of the books to ascertain which are the relevant ones then do the following1 Do inspectional reading of the selected book to choose the passages which are most relevant to the subject at hand 2 Establish a neutral terminology which is applicable to all the authors so that all of them can be brought to the same terms 3 Establish a set of neutral propositions by framing a set of uestions which all the authors can be seen as answering 4 Range the answers on both sides of the issue The issue may not always explicitly exist and may have to be constructed by interpretation of the authors views for example in the case of evolutionary theory Intelligent Design is a form of creationism even though the trappings of evolutionary theory are used 5 Analyse the discussion by ordering the issues to throw maximum light on the subjectThe authors stress the need for dialectical objectivity throughout that is the reader is only expected to arrange and present the arguments so as to present an ordered discussion without taking sides So the aim of syntopical reading is to clear away the deadwood and prepare the way for an original thinker to make a breakthrough Whoever has read through this review so far would be asking himherself But that s applicable to expository books where the main aim is the dissemination of information What about fiction What about poetry What about drama Well the authors extend their methodology to all kinds of books but according to me it falls flat All said and done the methodology works only for expository works And that is its main problemThis book is not about literary theory or criticism nor is it about literature appreciation It is a self help book on the lines of those on time management attending interviews etc It outlines a methodology the diligent following of which will guarantee results according to its authors It well may for the major part of the book devoted to analytical reading gave me some insights on how to tackle books on difficult subjects like philosophy and political theory the two stars are for that But the book is extremely boring and the authors insistence on applying their favourite methodology to all sorts of books was stretching things a bit over it takes all the fun out of reading And syntopic reading may make sense to an undergraduate preparing a dissertation but is of little use to anybody elseIf anyone wants to read this book I would recommend an inspectional reading concentrating mainly on the methodology of analytical reading only The other parts are not worth the time spent on itI purchased a copy but the book seems to be available free on the net no idea about copyright issues so go ahead and try it if you want Statutory warning boredom ahead

Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler

Read & Download How to Read a Book ä PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free To achieve them – from elementary reading through systematic skimming and inspectional reading to speed reading you learn how to pigeonhole a book X ray it extract the author's message criticize You are taught the different reading techniues for reading practical books imaginative literatur. I m reading this awesome book again I ll be writing my notes for each chapter below It will be like a running account of my summary of and thoughts about every chapter So be warned this is going to be a very very very long review I hope I ll be able to write a shorter version after I m done with the bookOverviewBasically How to Read a Book is a practical book It aims to help people become intelligent readers To read intelligently means to read actively To read actively means to read skillfully This means that reading is actually a skill in the same way that writing is a skill It is an activity Therefore it is never passive And to read skillfully means to read not for information and amusement but for understanding The authors propose that in order to achieve this aim intelligent active skillful reading readers must observe certain rules These rules are discussed in detail throughout the bookThe book has 4 parts and 21 chapters Part 1 The Dimensions of Reading talks about the nature and levels of reading Part 2 The Third Level of Reading Analytical Reading talks about what analytical reading is how to go about reading a book analytically and the general uestions you must ask or the general rules you must observe when reading a book analytically Part 3 Approaches to Different Kinds of Reading Matter talks about well the different approaches to different kinds of literature expository books imaginative literature etc Part 4 The Ultimate Goals of Reading talks about the fourth and highest level of reading syntopical readingPart One The Dimensions of ReadingChapter One The Activity and Art of ReadingAdler and Van Doren says that reading is an activity Therefore reading is active not passive He gives an analogy baseball Reading is like catching the ball in baseball It is an active thing And because it is active it reuires skill This book aims to help readers develop that very skill Adler says that there are different goals of reading information amusement entertainment and understanding This book is mainly concerned with the latter goal So the goal of this book is to help readers learn how to read for increased understanding That means to read in order to move from understanding less to understanding That also means reading in order to become wise or enlightenedThe authors also differentiate between reading for information and amusement and reading for increased understanding and enlightenment On the one hand you are reading for information when after reading the book you are only able to state the facts in the book On the other hand you are reading for increased understanding and enlightenment when after finishing the book you can state the things in the book and at the same time explain what they meanAdler and Van Doren says that books are like absent teachers Books can teach us something they can help us increase our understanding about the world although their authors may no longer be physically present That s great news because that means that we have access to the greatest minds in the history of civilizationAdler and Van Doren says that the goal of this book is to help readers learn the skills they need in order to become well read as opposed to being merely widely readThoughtsI love Adler s baseball analogy of readingPitcher hitter Writer authorCatcher ReaderBall The ideas or information contained in the bookI also like to be reminded that reading at least reading for increased understanding which is the main goal of this book is never passive Reading is active it is an activity That is it involves the performance of certain mental acts And you shouldn t take it for granted When you read a book you must allow it to influence or affect you However I m not sure if I agree with the authors when they say that our goal if we wish to become intelligent and skillful readers is to read difficult books so that our understanding about things will increase I mean can we not read books that are entertaining and therefore easy to read but can also increase our understanding about life and the worldI love the idea about books being absent teachers That s an awesome thought isn t it That means that as readers we still have access to the greatest minds in human history We can still approach them and allow them to teach us even if they are no longer with us physically We can go to Plato Aristotle or Auinas and sit at their feet while they lecture us about their philosophyLastly I love Adler s distinction between being well read and being widely read I agree with him that our goal should be to become well read and not merely widely read Chapter two The Levels of ReadingAdler and Van Doren talks about the different levels of reading1 Elementary reading2 Inspectional reading3 Analytical reading4 Syntopical readingElementary reading asks the uestion What is the sentence saying and what do the words mean Inspectional reading asks What is the book about as a whole What is its structure What are its parts Analytical reading asks What is the author saying What does he mean What are his arguments Are they true So what And syntopical reading asks Given all these books literature about this particular topic or issue what analysis or conclusion can I makeThese levels are cumulative so a reader cannot master the highest level of reading syntopical reading without first mastering elementary inspectional and analytical readingThoughtsI like how the authors break down the skill of reading into levels It s very helpfulOur ultimate goal should be syntopical reading Chapter three The First Level of Reading Elementary ReadingBasically Adler and Van Doren says that elementary reading has four stages reading readiness word mastery or the ability to understand basic words rapid growth of vocabulary and the further refinement of these skillsA child has to go through each of the above stages in order to master this reading level This does not happen uickly In fact it takes years of practice It starts during nursery or thereabouts when the child becomes ready physically and intellectually to read Then the child goes through his elementary years and learns to read basic books During these years the child s vocabulary grows and he begins to develop his understanding of context Then during his high school years he further develops and refines his reading skillsIdeally by the time the child reaches high school he should be able to read books analyticallyThoughtsI can honestly say that I haven t yet really mastered this basic reading level My vocabulary is really not that wide or deep and sometimes I find it hard to understand the context of a given sentence especially if the book I m reading is advanced or tertiary level Chapter four The Second Level of Reading Inspectional ReadingAdler and Van Doren talks about the second level of reading inspectional reading Inspectional reading involves two steps systematic skimming or pre reading and superficial readingSystematic skimming involves several steps Look at the book s title and subtitle if any Read the preface Look at the table of contents Look at the index take note of the topics and authors discussed in the book Read the summary at the end of the book or at the end of each chapter Read the first few lines of each opening paragraph of every chapter Read the publisher s blurbSuperficial reading involves browsing the pages of the book slowly but superficially scanning every page casuallyAdler and Van Doren says that inspectional reading achieves two things It helps you know whether the book is for you personally worthy of being read analytically or not and it gives you a general idea of the book which is useful for your future referenceThe authors say that there is really no such thing as a standard reading speed Ideally you should simply adjust your speed according to the book s difficultyThey also talk about reading fixations and regressions people s tendency to not read the book straight through without interruptions They say these two things harm our reading because they prevent us from understanding the gist of the book They suggest that we should use markers or pointers when we read this can be a pen or our finger This increases our reading speed and comprehension significantly Also they say that we don t have to understand everything about the book right away What s important is that we continue reading without fixations and regressions and make an effort to understand the essence of the book even if we don t understand what the author is saying 100%ThoughtsI love this reading level Basically the idea here is that not all books that are available out there deserve to be read analytically Majority of them are worth an inspectional reading only And inspectional reading is very very useful If you follow its steps you will have a general idea of what the book is about you ll know what kind of a book it is whether it s a work of fiction or non fiction etc what its subject matter is what its structureoutline is and what its main arguments areAlso when you read a book inspectionally you will be in a better position to decide whether the book is really that interesting or relevant for you and whether it is really worthy of your time and effort to read analytically or whether you should just set it aside for future referenceAdler and Van Doren s suggestion to use the finger as a pointer while reading is also very helpful Chapter five How to Be a Demanding ReaderI think this chapter is a preparation for analytical reading which is discussed in part 2 Adler and Van Doren says that in order to become an intelligent or skilled reader you must be demanding in your reading That is to say you should make the effort to read and understand what you re reading You must be motivated by the desire to enlighten yourself to increase your understanding about mattersFurther to become a demanding or active reader you must ask uestions while you read What sorts of uestionsThese four generally1 What is the book about as a whole2 What is being said in detail and how3 Is it true4 What of itThese are also the four uestions you ask when you are reading a book analytically They are applicable to any type of book fiction or non fiction but when it comes to works of imaginative literature like novels poems or plays these four uestions are altered a bitOf course you shouldn t simply ask these uestions you must also do your best to answer them The first uestion helps you know the book s type and subject matter The second uestion helps you know the book s structure outline and its main parts and arguments The third uestion helps you know whether the author is right or not or whether his arguments are true or not And the fourth uestion helps you know what the book s significance and implication is to your lifeAdler and Van Doren also says that we must make the book our own When we buy a book it doesn t automatically become ours That is just the first step The second step is to read the book and interact with the author s ideas by writing on the book or making marks on its significant sentences or paragraphsThe authors also say that basically in order to develop the skill of intelligent reading you must ask uestions and obey those four general rules Rules are necessarily because they give us structure and help us discipline our reading At first remembering and observing these rules may be very challenging but that is just normal Any skill is difficult to learn at first but with habit it becomes easierThoughtsI loved this chapterBasically the above four uestions lie at the very heart of analytical reading That is when we read a book analytically we always ask those four uestions and do our best to answer themI love the idea of making a book our own That s very true We shouldn t fear marking our book We must converse with the author s ideas The we do this the the knowledge and insights will stick to us so that after answering all those uestions at the end of the book a part of us is already in the book and a great part of the book is now in us or in our minds at leastI just find the four uestions very helpful They guide me and provide structure to my reading Also they remind me that books are very very important Essential even So we shouldn t take them for granted We shouldn t read them casually especially if we re reading for understanding We should allow them to influence and affect us For example after reading an apologetic book like Reasonable Faith by the Christian philosopher William Lane Craig we shouldn t just set it aside and act as if nothing happened and nothing changed We should instead ask ourselves Is what William Lane Craig saying true Are his arguments really good Does God really exist If so what are its implications to my life What is its significance What part of my mindset mentality philosophy or worldview should I change as a result of agreeing or disagreeing with Dr Craig Romeo and Juliet in Palestine you learn how to pigeonhole a book X ray it extract the author's message criticize You are taught the different reading techniues for reading practical books imaginative literatur. I m reading this awesome book again I ll be writing my notes for each chapter below It will be like a running account of my summary of and thoughts about every chapter So be warned this is going to be a very very very long review I hope I ll be able to write a shorter version after I m done with the bookOverviewBasically How to Read a Book is a practical book It aims to help people become intelligent readers To read intelligently means to read actively To read actively means to read skillfully This means that reading is actually a skill in the same way that writing is a skill It is an activity Therefore it is never passive And to read skillfully means to read not for information and amusement but for understanding The authors propose that in order to achieve this aim intelligent active skillful reading readers must observe certain rules These rules are discussed in detail throughout the bookThe book has 4 parts and 21 chapters Part 1 The Dimensions of Reading talks about the nature and levels of reading Part 2 The Third Level of Reading Analytical Reading talks about what analytical reading is how to go about reading a book analytically and the general uestions Under Crooks Wood (Sophie Watson, #2) you must ask or the general rules 101 uestions for spinners you must observe when reading a book analytically Part 3 Approaches to Different Kinds of Reading Matter talks about well the different approaches to different kinds of literature expository books imaginative literature etc Part 4 The Ultimate Goals of Reading talks about the fourth and highest level of reading syntopical readingPart One The Dimensions of ReadingChapter One The Activity and Art of ReadingAdler and Van Doren says that reading is an activity Therefore reading is active not passive He gives an analogy baseball Reading is like catching the ball in baseball It is an active thing And because it is active it reuires skill This book aims to help readers develop that very skill Adler says that there are different goals of reading information amusement entertainment and understanding This book is mainly concerned with the latter goal So the goal of this book is to help readers learn how to read for increased understanding That means to read in order to move from understanding less to understanding That also means reading in order to become wise or enlightenedThe authors also differentiate between reading for information and amusement and reading for increased understanding and enlightenment On the one hand The Spider Kings Daughter you are reading for information when after reading the book Super Radical Gag Family you are only able to state the facts in the book On the other hand Are You the F**king Doctor? you are reading for increased understanding and enlightenment when after finishing the book Psychological Safety you can state the things in the book and at the same time explain what they meanAdler and Van Doren says that books are like absent teachers Books can teach us something they can help us increase our understanding about the world although their authors may no longer be physically present That s great news because that means that we have access to the greatest minds in the history of civilizationAdler and Van Doren says that the goal of this book is to help readers learn the skills they need in order to become well read as opposed to being merely widely readThoughtsI love Adler s baseball analogy of readingPitcher hitter Writer authorCatcher ReaderBall The ideas or information contained in the bookI also like to be reminded that reading at least reading for increased understanding which is the main goal of this book is never passive Reading is active it is an activity That is it involves the performance of certain mental acts And Sea Jewel you shouldn t take it for granted When Tzili you read a book Silence in Schools you must allow it to influence or affect Battlefield The Black Archive #34 you However I m not sure if I agree with the authors when they say that our goal if we wish to become intelligent and skillful readers is to read difficult books so that our understanding about things will increase I mean can we not read books that are entertaining and therefore easy to read but can also increase our understanding about life and the worldI love the idea about books being absent teachers That s an awesome thought isn t it That means that as readers we still have access to the greatest minds in human history We can still approach them and allow them to teach us even if they are no longer with us physically We can go to Plato Aristotle or Auinas and sit at their feet while they lecture us about their philosophyLastly I love Adler s distinction between being well read and being widely read I agree with him that our goal should be to become well read and not merely widely read Chapter two The Levels of ReadingAdler and Van Doren talks about the different levels of reading1 Elementary reading2 Inspectional reading3 Analytical reading4 Syntopical readingElementary reading asks the uestion What is the sentence saying and what do the words mean Inspectional reading asks What is the book about as a whole What is its structure What are its parts Analytical reading asks What is the author saying What does he mean What are his arguments Are they true So what And syntopical reading asks Given all these books literature about this particular topic or issue what analysis or conclusion can I makeThese levels are cumulative so a reader cannot master the highest level of reading syntopical reading without first mastering elementary inspectional and analytical readingThoughtsI like how the authors break down the skill of reading into levels It s very helpfulOur ultimate goal should be syntopical reading Chapter three The First Level of Reading Elementary ReadingBasically Adler and Van Doren says that elementary reading has four stages reading readiness word mastery or the ability to understand basic words rapid growth of vocabulary and the further refinement of these skillsA child has to go through each of the above stages in order to master this reading level This does not happen uickly In fact it takes Pitch Imperfect years of practice It starts during nursery or thereabouts when the child becomes ready physically and intellectually to read Then the child goes through his elementary The Zoo Gang years and learns to read basic books During these Sun Zi bingfa years the child s vocabulary grows and he begins to develop his understanding of context Then during his high school How to Read the Air years he further develops and refines his reading skillsIdeally by the time the child reaches high school he should be able to read books analyticallyThoughtsI can honestly say that I haven t SUN YOGA THE BOOK OF SURYA NAMASKAR yet really mastered this basic reading level My vocabulary is really not that wide or deep and sometimes I find it hard to understand the context of a given sentence especially if the book I m reading is advanced or tertiary level Chapter four The Second Level of Reading Inspectional ReadingAdler and Van Doren talks about the second level of reading inspectional reading Inspectional reading involves two steps systematic skimming or pre reading and superficial readingSystematic skimming involves several steps Look at the book s title and subtitle if any Read the preface Look at the table of contents Look at the index take note of the topics and authors discussed in the book Read the summary at the end of the book or at the end of each chapter Read the first few lines of each opening paragraph of every chapter Read the publisher s blurbSuperficial reading involves browsing the pages of the book slowly but superficially scanning every page casuallyAdler and Van Doren says that inspectional reading achieves two things It helps Unti Wiley Cash #4 you know whether the book is for In De Schaduw Van De Dictator Mijn Leven in Irak you personally worthy of being read analytically or not and it gives Cover to Cover Through the Bible as it happened your future referenceThe authors say that there is really no such thing as a standard reading speed Ideally Magic Poems you should simply adjust Step Mommy Gets Pounded your speed according to the book s difficultyThey also talk about reading fixations and regressions people s tendency to not read the book straight through without interruptions They say these two things harm our reading because they prevent us from understanding the gist of the book They suggest that we should use markers or pointers when we read this can be a pen or our finger This increases our reading speed and comprehension significantly Also they say that we don t have to understand everything about the book right away What s important is that we continue reading without fixations and regressions and make an effort to understand the essence of the book even if we don t understand what the author is saying 100%ThoughtsI love this reading level Basically the idea here is that not all books that are available out there deserve to be read analytically Majority of them are worth an inspectional reading only And inspectional reading is very very useful If Les invertébrés d'eau douce you follow its steps Love Interuppted you will have a general idea of what the book is about Gina Greg you ll know what kind of a book it is whether it s a work of fiction or non fiction etc what its subject matter is what its structureoutline is and what its main arguments areAlso when Be Careful What You Wish For you read a book inspectionally The Pericles Commission you will be in a better position to decide whether the book is really that interesting or relevant for The Language of SaxophonesSelected Poems of Kamau Daáood you and whether it is really worthy of The Ink Master's Silence (Glass and Steele Book 6) your time and effort to read analytically or whether Superpig you should just set it aside for future referenceAdler and Van Doren s suggestion to use the finger as a pointer while reading is also very helpful Chapter five How to Be a Demanding ReaderI think this chapter is a preparation for analytical reading which is discussed in part 2 Adler and Van Doren says that in order to become an intelligent or skilled reader A COURSE IN LETTER WRITING FOR IRANIAN STUDENTS you must be demanding in Le Harem politique : Le Prophète et les femmes your reading That is to say Koniec Zgody Narodów Powieść z roku 179 przed narodzeniem Chrystusa you should make the effort to read and understand what Key to Arriving at the Door of the Messenger salla Llahu alayhi wa sallam Volume 1 you re reading You must be motivated by the desire to enlighten Key to Arriving at the Door of the Messenger salla Llahu alayhi wa sallam Volume 2 yourself to increase A History of the Fragrant Rose your understanding about mattersFurther to become a demanding or active reader Ultimate Shop Design Ultimate Books you must ask uestions while The Beginner's Photography Guide: The Ultimate Step-by-Step Manual for Getting the Most from your Digital Camera (Dk) you read What sorts of uestionsThese four generally1 What is the book about as a whole2 What is being said in detail and how3 Is it true4 What of itThese are also the four uestions Hansel And Gretel you ask when Programming FPGAs: Getting Started with Verilog you are reading a book analytically They are applicable to any type of book fiction or non fiction but when it comes to works of imaginative literature like novels poems or plays these four uestions are altered a bitOf course The Lycan The Witch And The Wardrobe you shouldn t simply ask these uestions Right Wing Populism in America Too Close for Comfort you must also do Looking for Group Omnibus your best to answer them The first uestion helps اصول خبر نویسی you know the book s type and subject matter The second uestion helps Batter My Heart you know the book s structure outline and its main parts and arguments The third uestion helps Bright Young Things you know whether the author is right or not or whether his arguments are true or not And the fourth uestion helps Bright Young Things you know what the book s significance and implication is to Vårnatt your lifeAdler and Van Doren also says that we must make the book our own When we buy a book it doesn t automatically become ours That is just the first step The second step is to read the book and interact with the author s ideas by writing on the book or making marks on its significant sentences or paragraphsThe authors also say that basically in order to develop the skill of intelligent reading Niçin? Tarih Devlet Ekonomi Yönetim you must ask uestions and obey those four general rules Rules are necessarily because they give us structure and help us discipline our reading At first remembering and observing these rules may be very challenging but that is just normal Any skill is difficult to learn at first but with habit it becomes easierThoughtsI loved this chapterBasically the above four uestions lie at the very heart of analytical reading That is when we read a book analytically we always ask those four uestions and do our best to answer themI love the idea of making a book our own That s very true We shouldn t fear marking our book We must converse with the author s ideas The we do this the the knowledge and insights will stick to us so that after answering all those uestions at the end of the book a part of us is already in the book and a great part of the book is now in us or in our minds at leastI just find the four uestions very helpful They guide me and provide structure to my reading Also they remind me that books are very very important Essential even So we shouldn t take them for granted We shouldn t read them casually especially if we re reading for understanding We should allow them to influence and affect us For example after reading an apologetic book like Reasonable Faith by the Christian philosopher William Lane Craig we shouldn t just set it aside and act as if nothing happened and nothing changed We should instead ask ourselves Is what William Lane Craig saying true Are his arguments really good Does God really exist If so what are its implications to my life What is its significance What part of my mindset mentality philosophy or worldview should I change as a result of agreeing or disagreeing with Dr Craig

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Read & Download How to Read a Book ä PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free E plays poetry history science and mathematics philosophy and social science Finally the authors offer a recommended reading list and supply reading tests whereby you can measure your own progress in reading skills comprehension and speedThis a previously published edition of ISBN 97806712120. I heard about this book in a casual conversation and my interest was piued When I heard that the book instructs on analytical reading I knew I had to read itI have decided that I am not going to summarize the rules enunciated in this book Instead I would keep my review shortIn the first chapter the authors have mentioned that this book is about the art of reading for the sake of increased understanding The authors have clearly stated that the book intends to help people understand expository works In simple terms the book is meant for people who read serious non fiction However the authors have included sections on how to read fiction plays and poetry as well The book discusses the following four levels of reading with major stress on the third type Elementary Inspectional Analytical SyntopicalThe last and most advanced level syntopical reading was an added bonus In syntopical reading the reader goes through various books on the same subject and is able to construct an analysis of the subject which may not be in any of the books The book is good and no doubt helpful if you want to improve your reading skills There are many tips and rules which guide you to better reading There are separate sections on how to read practical books imaginative literature stories plays poetry history sciences mathematics philosophy and social science Instead of memorizing them as rule 1 rule 2 I felt it was better to understand the gist of their adviceOne problem with the book is that the authors were too verbose Parts of the book were repetitive and some portions could have been pruned without affecting the uality of the book I do appreciate the efforts of the authors and understand that composing such a book is not an easy task They have done a praiseworthy job but I feel some editing would have made the book much compact The authors have included a reading list and said that these books would facilitate the growth of the mind The list includes books on the sciences literature politics and statecraft poetry theology etc Authors included range from ancient Greek masters to great minds of the modern world The authors have admitted that they include books from the Asian tradition because they themselves were not particularly knowledgeable outside of the Western literary tradition You might want to check out the reading comprehension exercises given at the end of the book It is fun


10 thoughts on “How to Read a Book (PDF)

  1. says: Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler How to Read a Book (PDF)

    Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler How to Read a Book (PDF) Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download How do you read a book?Look at the cover probably glance at the blurb; run your eye down the table of contents perhaps; possibly rifle through the book then plunge right in into Chapter OneRight?Wrong According to Mortimer J Adler and Charles Van Doren the authors of How to Read a BookAccording to them this is only the first level of reading called “Elementary” reading and this is the only level the majority of readers in this

  2. says: review How to Read a Book How to Read a Book (PDF)

    How to Read a Book (PDF) review How to Read a Book Probably one of the most important books you can read I outlined the first three levels of reading a while back an

  3. says: review How to Read a Book Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler

    How to Read a Book (PDF) Who This Book is not ForIt focuses mainly on reading expositional rather than imaginative material It was written in 1940 and revised in 1972 though it looks and feels like a 40s book I read it in the hope of becoming a analytical r

  4. says: review How to Read a Book How to Read a Book (PDF) Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler

    How to Read a Book (PDF) Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download It’s such a dinosaur Cranky snooty stuffy pedantic often condescending It’s a manual For intelligent reading Very textbook y very fundamen

  5. says: How to Read a Book (PDF) Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler review How to Read a Book

    How to Read a Book (PDF) Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler I'm reading this awesome book again I'll be writing my notes for each chapter below It will be like a running account of my summary of and thoughts about every chapter So be warned this is going to be a very very very long review I h

  6. says: Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler review How to Read a Book

    review How to Read a Book How to Read a Book (PDF) Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler The person who says he knows what he thinks but cannot express it usually does not know what he thinks I had a lot of fun holding this book upside down on the subway with a puzzled look on my face For much of his remarkably long lif

  7. says: review How to Read a Book Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download How to Read a Book (PDF)

    How to Read a Book (PDF) Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download I heard about this book in a casual conversation and my interest was piued When I heard that the book instructs

  8. says: How to Read a Book (PDF)

    How to Read a Book (PDF) Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download review How to Read a Book In junior high high school I made it my job to avoid reading altogether just like politicians who avoid hard uestions When I was twenty I hadn'

  9. says: Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler review How to Read a Book

    How to Read a Book (PDF) I read this book because I live by the mantra Life is Short Read Fast and I hoped it would teach me how to read faster Instead it teaches you to read slower analytically It also teaches you how to date a book to decide if you really want to spend the time to read the whole thing before commiting yourself to it This book has a rath

  10. says: How to Read a Book (PDF)

    Mortimer J. Adler ↠ 5 Read & Download Download Ö PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Mortimer J. Adler How to Read a Book (PDF) Read this with my two daughters when they were in seventh and eighth grades respectively It not only teaches how to read different materials but also gives a list of must read books Every serious reader needs to read this book Both of my daughters say they still use things they learned from this book in their reading But

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  • Paperback
  • 426
  • How to Read a Book
  • Mortimer J. Adler
  • English
  • 20 March 2020
  • null