The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit [E–pub/E–book]

  • Paperback
  • 830
  • The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit
  • Charles Dickens
  • English
  • 17 September 2019
  • 9780140436143

Charles Dickens é 2 Summary

The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit Review æ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free While writing Martin Chuzzlewit his sixth novel Dickens declared it 'immeasurably the best of my stories' He was already famous as the author of The Pickwick Papers and Oliver Twist Set partly in America which Dickens had vis. Martin Chuzzlewit or the American one as fans of Dickens often refer to it is The Inimitable s sixth novel written and published in twenty monthly parts between January 1843 to July 1844 when its author was between 30 and 32 It is a typical Dickensian romp of a ride with thrills passion savage mockery suspense and flashes of absurd humour amidst the despair The novel lunges between hyperbole and whimsy switching at a moment s notice and it contains some of Dickens s most memorable characters There is the seedy but charming schemer Montague Tigg Tigg Montague and his associate Chevy Slyme the eccentrically fey and colourfully attired barber and bird fancier Poll Sweedlepipe the staunch ally Mark Tapley the undertaker Mr Mould the buxom good hearted pub landlady Mrs Lupin the poor addled old clerk Chuffey or is he really so confused Who could ever forget Mrs Sairey Gamp the booze addicted midwife cum nurse who has her own mode of speech or idiolect Who could forget the reported gushing flattery and compliments of her employer Mrs Harris or her devious plots and hilarious suabbles with her associate Betsy Prig Or who could not fall in love with the noble but na ve Tom Pinch solid and unswerving in his loyalty despite suffering gross insults and deprivations or Mary Graham of whom the same could be said or his sister Ruth a creation with whom it seems crystal clear the author himself fell in loveOh the characters The names alone are enough to make the reader chuckle and they were carefully designed by Dickens to do precisely that He even fiddled about with the main character s name trying out Sweezleden Sweezleback Sweezlewag Chuzzletoe Chuzzleboy Chubblewig and Chuzzlewig before settling on Chuzzlewit The fully fleshed out versions pop into the reader s mind long after the novel has been finished remaining long after the story itself fascinating and devious though that is For mention has still not been made of any characters in the American section whose whimsical names include Jefferson Brick General Fladdock Major Pawkins Hannibal Chollop Captain Kedgick Elijah Pogrom and General Cyrus Choke These bogus titles comprise part of Dickens poking fun at the American habit of bestowing honorary military titles as is his observation that everyone Martin meets in America is remarkable man Nor has mention been made of members of the large Chuzzlewit family itself Anthony and Martin the two feuding elderly brothers who drive the plot or Jonas Anthony s bully of a son or the myriad of minor relatives who bookend the novel and incidentally provide some of its most amusing moments Nor of Jonas s cousin the young Martin the namesake of his father whose adventures we are to follow And surely it would be a crime against literature to forget the character who arguably makes Martin Chuzzlewit the great novel it undoubtedly is the unforgettable Mr Pecksniff It would be difficult to say who is the most memorable character Sairey Gamp or Seth Pecksniff father of two priggish daughters Charity and Mercy cast from the same mould a smooth talking hypocrite with his pious sanctimoniousness so self deluded that he seems to be unable to cast off his mask of virtue throughout The novel is worth reading for these two alone Any scene with either of them in makes the reader settle down with a smile on their face The story may continue in its tragedy the hairs on your neck may stand up at the horror or brutality but then turn the next page and you may be splitting your sides at some absurd turn of phrase by Mrs Gamp or the sanctimonious twaddle of Mr Pecksniff Such is the skill of the author that not only can he write scathingly ironic satire but he can provide sparks of humour shafts of light within the powerful and evocative descriptions of the darkest and most dire situations So what is the novel about Put in a nutshell it is about greed and selfishness This theme raises its ugly head throughout the novel being reflected and present in many of the minor characters and episodes crossing all social classes occupations and cultures The primary focus however is on greed in regard to inheritance John Forster Dickens s closest friend mentor and biographer says The notion of taking Pecksniff for a type of character was really the origin of the book the design being to show or less by every person introduced the number and variety of humours and vices that have their root in selfishness So in a sense it could be said that Pecksniff is the hero or anti hero of the book although he is only one of many character strands to this complex story Seth Pecksniff had his origin in an actual person Samuel Carter Hall Carter Hall was an Irish born Victorian journalist who edited The Art Journal and was widely satirised at the time He made Old Masters such as Raphael or Titian s paintings virtually unsaleable by exposing the profits that custom houses were earning by importing them By doing this he hoped to support modern British art by promoting young artists and attacking the market for unreliable Old Masters However he was deeply unsympathetic to the Pre Raphaelites and published several attacks upon the movement Julian Hawthorne says such oily and voluble sanctimoniousness needed no modification to be fitted to appear before the footlights in satirical drama He might be called an ingenuous hypocrite an artless humbug a veracious liar so obviously were the traits indicated innate and organic in him rather than acuired His indecency and falsehood were in his soul but not in his consciousness so that he paraded them at the very moment that he was claiming for himself all that was their opposite It is a very short jump indeed from this description of Samuel Carter Hall to one of Seth PecksniffThe other arguably strongest character Mrs Gamp was also an early inspiration which came via Dickens s rich philanthropic friend Angela Burdett Coutts Later Burdett Coutts was to co found Urania Cottage with the author Urania Cottage was a home for young women who had turned to a life of immorality such as theft and prostitution Additionally this novel is dedicated to her Angela Burdett Coutts had told Dickens about a nurse who took care of her companion and former governess Hannah Meredith The nurse was an eccentric character and details such as her yellow nightcap her fondness for snuff and for spirits and her strange habit of rubbing her nose along the top of the tall fender were immediately seized on by Dickens who then immortalised her in the unforgettable character of Mrs Gamp We easily become diverted by the characters for Dickens is adept at discursiveness But Dickens always has a huge persuasive element to his novels too despite their apparent primary desire to entertain Martin Chuzzlewit was written shortly after Dickens had taken a year off in 1842 During this time Dickens was in financial difficulty He had borrowed money from his publishers in order to visit the United States of America and his wife Kate was expecting their fifth child John Forster notes Title and even story had been undetermined while we travelled and Beginning so hurriedly as at last he did altering his course at the opening and seeing little as yet of the main track of his design The story which frames Dickens s message was additionally altered considerably as Dickens wrote in an attempt to revitalise flagging sales In the sixth part desperately hoping to win back his fans Dickens has our young hero Martin Chuzzlewit go off to America hoping that this would stimulate renewed interest in the book From now on he actually planned the events in the story beforehand His previous novels had just grown and developed as he wrote them shortly before each serial part was published but Martin Chuzzlewit represented a difference in approach and one which he was to continueThis has a dramatic impact on the novel itself From a deceptively humorous start containing some of Dickens s sharpest satirical observations and wit the novel switches to passages in America where the humour at least for this reader seems to lose its masterly touch There are a couple of chapters which seem to be Dickens venting some of his ill feelings for his dislike of the United States It had been a colony up to less than a hundred years previously almost within living memory so he may well have suspected that some of his readers may have shared his feelings His personal wrath was due mostly to what he saw as an invidious practice there of disregarding copyright Dickens s observation of American habits which he personally disliked such as incessant tobacco chewing and spitting what he saw as greedy and uncouth table manners plus a tendency to talk things up which appeared to an outsider as disagreeable boasting all these were savagely parodied and the introduction to America afforded by this novel is single mindedly bad No character has any redeeming ualities and an entire family the Norrisses is introduced disappearing from the narrative for ever shortly afterwards apparently solely to demonstrate the hypocrisy of the nation as a whole across all strata Others are characterised as buffoons and to a man or woman they are acuisitive placing gain and accolades above true worth and honourThis approach backfired Not surprisingly it alienated all Dickens s many American readers who were outraged Dickens took note and the later American episodes in the ironically named Eden contain both good and bad characters well portrayed rather than mere grotesue parodies In addition for every subseuent edition of the novel in perpetuity Dickens left instructions to be printed which offer an apology to the US citizens This resulted from his second visit there It is interesting to wonder from a modern point of view whether he would have liked to edit this part Very possibly given his Postscript and it would seem unfair to downgrade an assessment of the book as a whole because of what after all is merely a couple of chapters The scenes on board ship are graphic and powerfully described as well as providing an important indicator to the character development of the two travellers The descriptions of Eden too immediately afterwards are haunting and expressive It is clear from a letter he wrote to his mentor and biographer John Forster about the mountains near Pittsburgh which he saw from a train when travelling through the area that they are drawn from life Forster himself called that area The Original of Eden In addition the scams to do with selling property or selling shares in railways or insurance fiddles were all very common at the time The novel s full name is TheLife and Adventures of Martin ChuzzlewitHis relatives friends and enemies Comprising all His Wills and His WaysWith an Historical record of what he didand what he didn t Shewing over who inherited the Family Platewho came in for the Silver spoonsand who for the Wooden Ladles The whole forming a complete keyto the House of Chuzzlewit a typically lengthy Victorian title and in fact each of the 54 chapters has an eually long and informative preamble of a title One would assume this made it easier to identify the protagonist but this is not soA modern interpretation of this novel would probably focus on the coming of age journey of a young man Young Martin Chuzzlewit starts out as an unlikeable selfish arrogant young cad who thinks the world owes him a living The novel details all the experiences he goes through as he matures life threatening experiences which teach him a lesson and make him a far better person So it is about a young man s personal and moral development just as the earlier novel Nicholas Nickleby had been It also conforms to the ancient traditional story of the hero s journey When we think of Martin Chuzzlewit the novel it is this particular young man whom we naturally think of Yet the plural use of Wills in the title does not then make sense for young Martin did not have a will in the legal sense of the word and as we have learned there is another older Martin his father Thus it can be said to have developed a double meaning reflecting the changing perspective of the author as the writing proceeded It is partly about the transformation of the self concern of the younger Martin into something noble and also about the selfishness of the older Martin receiving help from an unexpected uarter so that he too transforms into a worthy individual Dickens loved to write about moral improvements about people who genuinely strive to be better So who is the hero It is difficult to say Possibly one of these two or possibly Dickens s original thought Seth Pecksniff It could even possibly be a character who is ever present and prominent in the frontispiece playing his beloved church organ with scenes and characters floating around him as thoughts in his mind as he plays the noble but na ve Tom PinchIt is a true masterpiece Reading earlier novels one can trace the origins of this one The humour of The Pickwick Papers is tweaked to perfection The brutality and bloody murder and the subseuent horror felt by the murderer are all there in prototype in Oliver Twist Dickens had cautiously explored some romantic elements in Nicholas Nickleby but here we have an abundance of three romances amongst the young characters plus a fourth very poignant romantic strand which runs through the entire novel All are destined for happiness Dickens loves to reward his good characters with a happy ending and his bad ones with their comeuppance and an appropriate punishment We are anticipating both good and bad endings even though we cannot predict them throughout the bookAnd the bad endings Oh my goodness There are foul deeds and a murder described so powerfully that it may well cause shivers of revulsion and terror Some of Dickens s finest writing to date accompanies this event with an evocative vivid description of a storm lightning and dashing rain accompanying the episode If you thrilled to view spoilerNancy s murder hide spoiler

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The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit Review æ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Fates of moral redemption and worldly success for one with increasingly desperate crime for the other This powerful black comedy involves hypocrisy greed and blackmail as well as the most famous of Dickens's grotesues Mrs Gam. I enjoyed this all the characters tripping over one another in London It s Dickens being Dickens creating wonderful characters who go through life entertaining readers But there is something readers need to know This is not a novel Dickens fools us into thinking there is a plot when there isn t one There are just characters running around London entertaining us until Dickens tires of them or runs out of words Read it for what it is and not for what it isn t

Free download Æ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free é Charles Dickens

The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit Review æ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ited in 1842 the novel includes a searing satire on the United States Martin Chuzzlewit is the story of two Chuzzlewits Martin and Jonas who have inherited the characteristic Chuzzlewit selfishness It contrasts their diverse. This may be Dickens most underrated book It s right in the middle of what I like to call his forgotten period which is made up of three books written consecutively which I think are commonly ignored Barnaby Rudge Martin Chuzzlewit and Dombey and Son This novel is interesting because a lot of it actually takes place in America as opposed to England It s written from Dickens personal voyage to the States in the months prior to writing this novel And guys oh my god Dickens rips the shit out of America He says he gave a satirical view of the US but guys Dickens basically mocks America and Americans and it s honestly the best thing There s also a great perspective on slavery and the deep South in this novel spoilers Dickens doesn t tolerate eitherWhy the average rating then Barry Well because the second half of this novel exists They come back from America and then it turns into a murder mystery It s honestly as if Dickens just stitched on a completely different novel to the end of this book Eh it s kinda disappointing but this is what you get with serialised novels Overall I liked this novel though The America bits and the scathing social commentary make up for the saggy second half I still think this is criminally overlooked in his canon though Mastering Manga 3: Power Up with Mark Crilley call his forgotten period which is made up of three books written 永遠の0 Eien No Zero consecutively which I think are Broken Flowers (Robert M. Drake/Vintage Wild) (Volume 5) commonly ignored Barnaby Rudge Martin Chuzzlewit and Dombey and Son This novel is interesting because a lot of it actually takes place in America as opposed to England It s written from Dickens personal voyage to the States in the months prior to writing this novel And guys oh my god Dickens rips the shit out of America He says he gave a satirical view of the US but guys Dickens basically mocks America and Americans and it s honestly the best thing There s also a great perspective on slavery and the deep South in this novel spoilers Dickens doesn t tolerate eitherWhy the average rating then Barry Well because the second half of this novel exists They Niedźwiedź w cieniu smoka come back from America and then it turns into a murder mystery It s honestly as if Dickens just stitched on a Wretched Chastity The Mail Order Brides of Boot Creek #1 completely different novel to the end of this book Eh it s kinda disappointing but this is what you get with serialised novels Overall I liked this novel though The America bits and the scathing social Leading Snowflakes commentary make up for the saggy second half I still think this is Fuehrer Directives and Other Top Level Directives of the German Armed Forces 1942 1945 criminally overlooked in his